The second largest island after Crete, in Greek archipelagos and the third after Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. It is separated from the mainland of Greece with the Evian Gulf.

  Source:Goevia.com

 

 

 

The archaeological site at  Palamari

 

Palamari   is located in the north-eastern coast of Skyros, thirteen (13) kilometres from the city. In this place discovered and excavated by archaeologists Liana Parlama and Maria Theocharis coastal prehistoric fortified settlement dating from the Early and Middle Bronze period (2500 -1800 BC). It  is a very well-fortified settlement – port with great historical importance. The settlement was originally estimated twice but sank into the sea. In the beach of the Settlement  there are still traces and remains of the port, which had commercial contacts with the Cyclades, eastern mainland Greece, Evia and the north-western Aegean  Sea. 

 

The remains of the wall and its design indicate, that the settlement had very good and strong fortifications, reinforces with massive bastion in shape  of horseshoe. It also had  front wall and on one side reinforced with defensive ditch.

Nowadays from the wall is maintained   section in length of hundred (200) meters approximately. To the northwest is maintained in  a height of 2.5 meters and in a point it descends to a depth of 4 m. In trench carved into crack. The fortification owned of a kind Syropalaistianiakis origin, appeared in the Aegean around 2300 BC.

 

As for  the  settlement itself the main characteristic is, that it had organized urban planning  with streets, central pipes  and expressive houses with its courtyards. Inside of the houses  and outsides there are focus, ovens and built from stones benches in  shaped floors.  Since the settlement findings stand out the numerous vessels, stone and bone tools, stone and metal containers and obsidian processing residues and local flint. 

 

According to the study the end of this impressive settlement must come from the eruption of Thira.  Most of the findings of Palamari exhibited in a special showcase at the Archaeological Museum of Skyros.  But more interesting is the visit to the archaeological site, the remains of which have been preserved and restored. In this  place  has been built ground building  for service of the visitors,  140 sq.m.  with exhibition and in the basement kept large warehouse and laboratory works for the maintenance of the findings.