Skyrian Folk Art
Skyros is known all over Greece for its unique and authentic folk art. Particularly impressive and finestare the small carved wooden furniture, the traditional pottery, the embroidery, the weavingand the sculpture. Nowadays it is regarded as an alive museum, thanks to the preservation of this heritage. The decorative patterns of Skyros derive from the natural and social environment, such as landscape, flowers, sea, ships, human figures, animals, birds, double-headed eagles, mythological animals, dragons, geometric shapes, etc. The carving includes household furniture, beds, tables, sofas (in dialect: sfas), armchairs, chests, stools, small -stools, tripods (small tablesmade of mulberry tree in a wide variety of shapes and elaborately carved) etc. Nowadays there are craftsmen in Skyros, who elaborate even with woodcarving and continue the fame of this particular local art.
Pottery and ceramics are also highly developed. Due to the fact that Skyrian houses were small in size, the ceramics were placed on the walls and over the fireplace and in order to beautify the house they mostly showed decorative patterns. For this reason the pottery is considered to be the art of ceramics. The ceramics give us information of the practical needs of Skyrian and at the same time express the aesthetic of the locals. The most typical ceramics are red colourful made of clay without burnish, with decorative white line drawings, that remind embroidery. The Skyrian ceramics were mixed with other, imported from Asia Minor, and from other places, which had mainly decorative characteristics. Besides jugs, cups, pots, pitchers, we meet “lainia” that is a kind of water container, “bournies” a cooking vessel in which they maintained home sweets, special vessels for the fava bean and a variety of plates. Flowers, boats, double - head eagles and peacocks are the main patterns. Nowadays many ceramists continue this art producing copies of the old alongside with their own creations.
Weaving – Embroidery
Mermaids, hoopoes, deer, peacocks, flowers, triremes, sirens and monsters spring from the unique Skyriantextiles and embroideries. For the textiles they used the loom and the costumes were destined not only for their sleep, their house and agricultural work but also for decoration of the house.
The embroiderieswerealsointended for the decoration of the house and the decoration of the local traditional costume. The traditional costumes of the island can be of interest. The male Skyrian costume but mostly the female stands out for its variety, its richnessin pieces, its embroidery and its details.