The second largest island after Crete, in Greek archipelagos and the third after Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. It is separated from the mainland of Greece with the Evian Gulf.

  Source:Goevia.com

 

 

 

 

History of Skyros Island

 

Skyros owes its name to the "Skyrian various  stone",  the famous Skyrian  colourful marble, with which  Romans used to decorate their mansions (Stravon). In others  views, owes its name at the wild and rocky ground".  Skiron" or "Skyron" means "stone debris”. Skyrosover the centuries from ancient times  until latest years, had varied names, due to the origin, morphology, soil, people and nature. It was named Aigivotos (that feeds goats), Anemoessa (because of the winds),  Pelasgia (Island of the Pelasgians, as has been inhabited by Pelasgians), Dolopia (island of Dolopon) Perirrytos (watering from Sea), Pelagia (Island of the sea). 

 

Mythology

 

Skyrosmakes its presence  impressive during  the Greek mythology.  Four persons are connected with Skyros.  Theseus,  Lycomedes, Achilles and Neoptolemus.

Theseus, one of the greatest heroes of Greek mythology, after his achievements and  disappointed by King Menestheus, because he had taken his  throne, decided to go to Skyros, where  his father Aegeus had fortune. The king  In  Skyros  was Lycomedes, who when he realized that the people loved and admired Theseus began to envy  his glory and his heroism and decided to kill him. Ones  Lycomedes led Theseus to the highest play  of the Castle to show him his possessions  and from there he pusses him down  the foothills, where Theseus had tragic  death. 

According to another legend the mother of Achilles, Thetis, who knew that her child will be killed in the Trojan War in order to reverse the fate, dressed him as a   woman and with the name Pyrrha (blonde), hid him in Skyros in the palace of King Lycomedes. There, Achilles felt in love with the daughter of Lycomedes Deidamia and from their love Pyrrhus (blond) was born, who was later named  Neoptolemus and whose descendant was Olympias, the mother of Alexander the Great. Achilles did not avoid his destiny. When the mantis Kalchas, discovered he was hiding in the palace  the Greeks sent Odysseus to bring him from Skyros to be the leader in the war against Troy.  The clever   Odysseus came to the palace  of Lycomedes disguised as a merchant. In his basket he  had jewelleries, textiles, perfumes and weapons. While women  admired the jewelleries, Achilles was observing  the  arms. According to another variant of the myth, Odysseus ordered  to sound the trumpets and Achilles grabbed a spear to face the invantors,  and so he was revealed by himself. Accompanied by his cousin and best friend Patroclus and by his teacher, Phoenix too, started for Troy from Achilli a small bay of Skyros, that  now has his own name. After the death of Achilles, his son,  Pyrrhus, who was 12 years old, went to Troy,  fought bravely, and  for this reason he was  called and Neoptolemus (young in the war).  As for  Lycomedes it is clear that there are two different kings.

 

 History

 As  there  are  the  findings, the tools, the vases etc., which have been  found in various places  of the island,  Skyros was inhabited from the Neolithic period (5500 - 2800 BC). The first residents were  Pelasgians, Kares, Leleges and Dolopes. At that time the Pelasgians build the first defensive walls in Skyros.  Skyros was developed during the early Bronze Age (2800 - 1900 BC) and reached its peak during the Mycenaean period (1650 - 1100 BC).  Also it has an important  presence  in geometric, archaic and classical years.

At  475 BC, the Athenian general Kimon won  Dolopes and occupied the whole island, so Skyros became  a member of the Delian League, which later it has became the Atheniun hegemony. In the island  Athenians-possessors  where inhabited and shared  the island. Kimon claimed that he had found the bones of Theseus, that he carried and buried in Athens at Thission. 

At 323-322 BC Skyros was occupied by  Macedonians. 

At 197 BC It was occupied by the Romans. After that  the Byzantine period follows , when Skyros became part   of the Aegean Sea.

At  1204, after the conquest of Constantinople by the Crusaders, Skyros was conquered by the Gizi brothers and became possession  of  Venetians and Franks. 

At1538 it  was occupied by Barbarossa and became part of the Ottoman Empire. The island obtained privileges and it  had  nit Turkish guard, but it was endangered from pirate raids and so the  residents  resorted  to the castle. 

At  1702 the traveller Tournefort who  visited the island referred  that on the island there was  only one village, built under a steep rock and the population wer  300 families. 

During the struggle for national independence in 1821, Skyros contributed a grate deal  both in economy, and the animate help, as  many sailors were sent  to the national fleet, as even  offering  shelter to the  leaders, highlighted several members of the struggle  and had treated thousands of refugees from various cities. After the freedom    it was connected   with the  new   Greek State.  The famous English poet Rupert Brooke, who died in a French hospital - ship that it was anchored near to  Skyros island in 1915, during the First World War. He was  buried in Skyros in the place three Boukes,

Nowadays   the tradition,  the manners of living and customs of Skyros indicate it's ancient roots, while there are  a lot facts and monuments of the  past, in museums.

 

 

www.skyroslife.grwww.inskyros.gr, www.dimoskyrou.gr