The second largest island after Crete, in Greek archipelagos and the third after Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. It is separated from the mainland of Greece with the Evian Gulf.

  Source:Goevia.com

 

 


The history of lighthouses refers to the development of the use of towers, buildings, or any other types of structure to aid in the navigation of maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterways. The Greek word for a lighthouse, pharos or faros, is the root for the words for lighthouse in many Western European languages. 

 

In Evia there are ten stone lighthouses:

 

1. LIGHTHOUSE VASILINA



The lighthouse was build in 1892 has a height of 10 meters. The channel turns sharply south and is only 1.75 miles (2.8 kilometers) wide off the point. A swift tidal stream rushes  through the area and a shoal extends some distance off the point. The lighthouse is unpainted stone with white trim; lantern painted white with a dark green dome


The 1916 Mediterranean Pilot noted “ a flashing light green over the dangers to the southward and white elsewhere is exhibited at an elevation of 33 feet from a square masonry tower 31 feet high on cape Vasilina. It is visible 11 miles in the white and 6 miles in the green sectors.”
The same square masonry tower stands today adjoining the west side of a square dwelling. A shell strewn beach surrounds the lighthouse on three sides. The fourth order fixed Fresnel lens is still in use. An automatic electric beacon creates the occulting light that flashes white 4 seasons then dims one second. There is a green sector that covers 16 degrees. Depending on where a ship is located in the channel the light appears white or green. The white light a range of 14 miles (22.5 kilometers) and the green light shows for 11 miles (17.7 kilometers). Navy personnel use the lighthouse as a vacation rental. It is not open to the public but the grounds are accessible via a dirt coastal road from Lichada.

 

2. LIGHTHOUSE PONTIKONISI

 

This lighthouse was manufactured in 1907. The altitude of the tower is 19 metres and the height of focal plane is 62 metres. Located in the little Pontikonisi isle NW of cape Artemisio. Luminescence with white light for reef "Leftheris" between Skiathos and Magnesia and with red on the reefs of Skiathos island.

 

 

3. LIGHTHOUSE AVLIDA


This lighthouse was manufactured in 1880 from the French Company of Lighthouses. The altitude of tower is 9 metres and the height of focal plane is 10 metres. It is found in the coastal street of Aylis in the Evian gulf.

 

4. LIGHTHOUSE KAKOKEFALI

 

This lighthouse was manufactured in 1886. The altitude of tower is 12 metres and the height of focal plane is 21 metres. The lighthouse is located in cape Kakι kefali near Chalkida.

 

5. LIGHTHOUSE STROGILI (EVIA)

 

The Lichades Islands create an obstacle for ships off the northwestern tip of Evia Island at the confluence of the Gulf of Evvia and the Maliakos Gulf. Strongyli Lighthouse and its neighboring Argyronisos Lighthouse provide safe navigation through this tricky area.

The tower rises from a square single story dwelling and is surrounded by trees. Its fifth order Fresnel lens had red sectors to help ships stay in the channel and avoid a dangerous shoal 300 yards (247 meters) east of the island. In 2001 the antique lens were replaced by a 500mm Optical lens made by Pharos Marine. The white light is visible 12 miles (19 kilometers) and the red light is seen 9 miles (14.5 kilometers). The lighthouse is not open to the public and can only be reached only by private boat. "Strongyli" means round and legend has it that the islands' name is derived from the round head of King Lissas that was sank in the Gulf of Evia and only the top of his head remains visible.

 

6. LIGHTHOUSE ARGIRONISOS

 

This lighthouse was manufactured in 1899. The altitude of the tower is 7 metres and the height of the focal plane is 35 metres. Access to the lighthouse is accessible via boat from the village "Kanatadika".

 

7. LIGHTHOUSE LITHARI (SKYROS ISLAND)

 

This lighthouse was manufactured in 1894. The altitude of the tower is 12,5 metres and the height of focal plane is 85 metres. The lighthouse is located in cape Lithari on the island of Skyros.

 

8. LIGHTHOUSE ARAPIS CAVODORO

 

The lighthouse Nigger, is located on the homonymous rocky islet, which is half a mile Northeast of cape Kafirea or Cavodoro. The lighthouse has been placed in 1925 and has a height of 5 meters and the focal height is 34 meters. This is not a lighthouse, but a traffic light on the cape of Cavo Doro. Emits two white flashes every 15 seconds and the its scope is 10 nautical miles.

 

 

9. LIGHTHOUSE PRASUDA (KYMI)

 

Located on a tiny islet about 7 miles (11 kilometers) off the town of Kymi on the northeastern shore of Evia the conical tower rises from a square dwelling.  Kymi  is one of the oldest towns in Evia and though no records exist of an earlier lighthouse its probable that some sort of beacon had existed prior to 1897.

The lights was built in part to guide the weekly steamer from Piraeus to Lavrio onto Skyros. The light guides ships around a prominent cape on the northeastern coast of Evia. Located on a small island about 12 km (7.5 mi) northeast of Kymi. Accessible only by boat
 

10. LIGHTHOUSE MANDILI

 

This lighthouse was manufactured in 1925. The altitude of the tower is 10,6 metres and the height of the focal plane is 85 metres. The lighthouse is located on the isle of Mandili near Karystos.