The second largest island after Crete, in Greek archipelagos and the third after Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. It is separated from the mainland of Greece with the Evian Gulf.

  Source:Goevia.com

 

 

 

Evia the 2nd largest island of Greece, an ideal and excellent holiday destination for both Greeks and foreign visitors. With its rich natural and cultural heritage, its exceptional natural beauty, its Natural Monuments, its Special Protected Areas,its Natural Environment Areas, Natura 2000 Network, its Wetlands, its 900 kilometers of coastline and 1,190 thousands acres of forestland - today it remains the crossroads of cultures and traditions. The county offers 130 large and small beaches, 235 hotels with 15,700 beds and 6,700 apartments. Its only recently that it has started to become known as a 4 season tourist destination thanks to its natural beauty, diversity of soil, its cultural heritage, its vibrant local tradition, its folk art, its hospitality and its cuisine and traditional recipes.

 

For better exploration of Evia - and because of its large size - it will be divided into:
-Central
-North
-South
-Skyros
 
EVIA CENTRAL
 
CHALKIDA

The cosmopolitan Chalkida, the capital of the prefecture with more than 80,000 inhabitants, built on both banks of the Euripus is the administrative and commercial center of the Prefecture of Evia, almost a suburb of Athens. 

The center of town has intense commercial activity, tourist and cultural life and rich nightlife. It is a city with natural beauty and cosmopolitan character. Located only 80 km from Athens International Airport Eleftherios Venizelos and is easily accessible both by land and by sea. It has easy road access with its two bridges in central Evia, its railway line Athens - Chalkis and its six (6) ferry connections makes it an ideal weekend getaway that leaves no one disappointed. Evia has natural beauty, archaeological sites , museums, the unique tidal phenomenon of Euripus, explicit spas, the famous Drakospita Karystia, the Petrified Forest and Kerassia's Museum of Fossils Vertebrates www.kerasiamuseum.gr the monasteries and churches with the leading church of St. John the Russian, picturesque villages, the forest village in Northern Evia, the wetlands, the canyons, the mountain refuges, the hiking and climbing trails, the mountain bike trails, the underwater activities, the religious trails, horseback riding, the great beaches, unique flora and fauna, tasty treats and a vast variety of entertainment and more from a perfect combination of hospitality, affection and human warmth.

Source:Goevia.com

 

Access to central Evia and the capital of Halkida is accessible by road via the two bridges and via rail.   Ferry boat connection from Oropos - Eretria

Points of interest

 

• The Effect of Tidal Strait of Euripus in Chalcis

• Halkida Beach: The City Hall, House with statues, The Red House ( operating as Hestia Knowledge, which organizes every year for high school students scientific and teaching activities in the field of Mathematics, Astronomy - Astrophysics and Information.

• Archaeological Museum of Chalkis. Its collections include artifacts from the excavations of the boat, Manika, the Tharrounia, classical and Hellenistic times, coins from different periods throughout the island, funerary and votive sculpted from the archaic to the Roman period and inscriptions from archaeological research across the island.

• Central Public Library

• Cultural center - Art Workshop

• The Historical Archive of the Kriezotis Manor house.

• Tower siren (remnant of the medieval fortifications of the city)

• The Court house

• Mosque Emir Zade and marble fountain of the same era

• House Street Children and the House of the Venetian Baili Halkida

• Early Christian Basilica of Agia Paraskevi and Aghios Nikolaos

• Folklore Museum, housed in the only remnant of the famous city wall

• Karababa Castle (Kanithou): located on the hill of the ancient city of Kanithou and built by the Turks in 1684, it was delivered to the Greek state after the release from the Turkish occupation. The architecture is of European style. It is maintained in good condition and has the church of the Prophet Elijah in its interior space.

• John Skarimbas Tomb, located outside the Fortress of Karababa

• Roman palaistra at Chalkis

• Avlideiou the Temple of Artemis. Today preserved Roman phase of construction of the temple and the mosque, the researchers identified with the church , where he served Iphigenia in - Pausanias - as the first priestess after rescue by the ritual knife - father Agamemnon , the goddess herself .

• The Wine Museum Tzivanis - Ritsona


The phenomenon of Euripus

It is about six hours by switching the direction of the waters in the Strait of Euripus. It is based on the pull of the Moon and the Sun to Earth. The study has been addressed by Aristotle and Eratosthenes, to contemporary Greek and foreign scientists. Final interpretation has been given by Professor Dimitris Eginitis , during which the phenomenon is due to the very narrow point of the channel ( 40 meters long ) to the difference in water level between North and South Coast , combined with the effects of the attraction that the moon and the sun in earth.

Source:Goevia.com






 

ERETRIA

 

Access is by road or by boat across the line Oropos- Eretria

Points of interest

• Port - Beach and Island of Dreams

• Ancient Theatre

• Roman Baths in the Harbour

• Sanctuary Isis Lower Gymnasium southeastern side of the city initially 4th BC

• Sanctuary Mars last phase 2nd BC

• Dionysus Temple High School

• The Tomb of Eroton

• Archaeological Museum of Eretria

 

Other points of interest in the surrounding areas:

• Lilantio field. Crossing the Lilanta River with its overgrown vine olives and fruit trees. Known since antiquity, for the conflicts between Chalcis and Eretrians

• The Castle of Fylla, tied with myths and reality. The remains of Lombard knight Likarios' castle

• The Venetian Towers Lelantine and Venetian Tower Royal.

• ARMTA Monastery of St. George and many other monasteries

• Ancient Xeropolis in Lefkanti, which gave great information about the so-called Dark Ages.

• Winery LYKOU APOSTOLOU

• Winery Mountrichas - AVANTIS- Mytikas

• Folklore Museum in Psachna

• History - War Museum Anastasiou Liaskou in Kontodespoti

• Home General Kriezotis the Trinity.

• Statue Goviou Angeli, at the intersection of Psachna - Castella

• Boat, a hill, within the wetland, where identified hamlet of Late Neolithic and traces of habitation of the Mycenaean era.

• Aesthetic Dirfis forest- mountain lodge - mountain trails

• Gorge Agali

• Winery - TZIVANIS GEORGE museum in Ritsona

 

KYMI

 

Points of interest

• Folklore Museum of Kymi

• Archaeological Collection Potamia

• City Hall and many other classical buildings

• Monument and Brothers John Velissariou Chratsa

• House George Papanicolaou, inventorof the pap-test

• Environmental Education of Center Kymi

• Mineral Resources Digester

• Medieval castles and monasteries

• Volcano Oxylithos (inactive)


Dr. Georgios Papanikolaou

Was born in Kymi in 1883 and died in 1962 in Miami, Florida. He was a famous doctor, biologist, researcher and inventer of the pap-test in 1940 which was named after him The Papanicolaou test.

He studied medicine at the University of Athens and in 1907 went to Germany where he attended courses in biology and then began research.

In 1913 he left for the USA where he worked as an assistant in the field of anatomy at Cornell University. Subsequently he was elected assistant professor, associate professor and finally professor of anatomy and histology of the medical faculty of the University. In 1923 applied his method test pap for diagnosis of cervical cancer. He gave life to many women around the world. Honored with many Distinctions and in 1949 The Medical School of Athens University named him an honorary doctorate, while the Academy of Athens in 1957 declared him as an honorary member too. Posthumously was awarded the prize of the UN.

 

SOUTH EVIA

 

Access is by road from central Evia and ferry via Rafina - Marmari Agia Marina – M. Styron KARYSTOS- MARMARI - STYRA

Places of interest in South Evia

• Bourtzi - Karystos built by the Venetians in 1350.

• Red Castle or Castello Rosso

• Giokaleio Cultural Centre, exhibition, museum

• Karystos Archaeological Museum, housed in west wing of Giokaleio Cultural Center

• Drakospita Karystia

• Karystian home (Collection Deligiorgi) will give us insight into the lives of the local community of the past.

• Mountain Shelter Ochi

• Environmental Information Center Karystia. Exhibition- Museum of local and natural history Echorama for Drakospita

• Gorge Demosaris

• The Great Island of Petalioi, consisting of thirteen large and small islands, rich in vegetation

• Lake Dystos. Wetland which is a key migratory bird station is included in the network NATURA 2000 (GR2420008).

• Venetian towers and monasteries

 

The Dragon House Karystia

These stone buildings, usually large dimensions, were made ​​of large greyish limestone slabs without mortar, built with courage and knowledge and in Central and South Evia.

In the region have are over 20 drakospita and age between the 7th and the 2nd B.C.

The locals call them Drago. The walls are so coarse that lead imagines that it is residential or built by supernatural dragons. It is assumed that this were the temples dedicated to ancient gods Hercules and Hera.

 

NORTH EVIA

 

Access is by road and ferrylines from: - Aedipsos and Glyfa - Agiokambos  LIMNI - AEDIPSO - OREI - ISTIAIA

 

Points of interest:

• Thermal springs in Aedipsos- Elia - Gialtra

• Bull of Oreos

• Marine Museum ' The Nautilus ' in Evia

• Petrified Forest Kerasia

• Kerassia's Museum of Fossils Vertebrates

• The Church of relics St. John the Russian Prokopi

• Drymona Waterfalls

• Museum of natural history hunting club istiaia

• Mikro-Megalo Livari Istiaias Protected Area

• Historical and Folklore Museum Limni

• Venetian Towers and castles

• Monasteries mile - Saint David - Galataki

• Forest Village

• Equestrian Centers

• Winery Vrinioti- Gialtra

 

Mineral Springs and Spas

Hot springs are called natural upwelling of hot water, which are suitable to cure various ailments. Famous for its thermal springs are Edipsos and Yaltra located in Northern Evia. The spas of Aedipsou are considered the most comprehensive spa with therapeutic results.

Today there are more than 80 hot springs where the temperature ranges from 28°C to 80C. Reports of special doctors hydrologists, and other scientists arrive at conclusions that the thermal waters of Aedipsou and Yialtra are ideal for conditions such as arthrosis, rheumatism, spondylitis, back pain, Ischialgies, Ankylosis, migraines, tendonitis, chronic gynecological diseases, angiopathy, but also the revitalization of aesthetics and beauty.    

 

 

Petrified Forest Cherry

The Petrified Forest cherry located in northern Evia and is a unique natural monument of Geological heritage with great interest.

Significant findings are petrified logs throughout the region. There, on farms , showing clusters of petrified trees , large as well as pieces of petrified logs. From studies in paleoflora area, allegedly has aged 10-25 million years .

The creation of the Petrified Forest is associated with intense volcanic activity occurred in the area before 10-25 million years.


SKYROS

 

The prefecture of Evia, apart from a historical island, it includes in its ministerial district and the island of Skyros.

Access to Skyros is via boat from Kymi via the new ferry LYKOMIDIS and from the airport Eleftherios Venizelos from Athens. Skyros, which is built on a rocky bluff overlooking the sea resembles like a typical Cycladic island with its whitewashed houses. 


  • The Archaeological Museum of Skyros was was built in 1963 and completed 10 years later, to house the archaeological finds that attest to the long history of the island. 


  • Skyros was inhabited from the Neolithic period (5.500-2.800 BC), as is attested by the remains found in various parts of the island. It flourished during the early Bronze Age (2.800-1.900 B.C) and reached the height of its prosperity during the Mycenaean period (1.650-1.100 B.C). Skyros was also an important island during the Geometric and Archaic periods. In 475 BC it was conquered by the Romans. In the 2nd c. AF, Christianity spread throughtout  the island. 

    The island is famous for its traditional kyvoschimo Skyrian home,  with great style and full functionality in the smallest possible space and its Skyrian ponies.

 

Points of interest:

• The Castle of Skyros

 

Skyrian Pony

  • The Bantam Skyros horse race is now one of the rare breeds of horses in the world. This is one of the indigenous horse breeds of Greece that existed in ancient times in Greece. They have managed to survive on the island of Skyros, thus taking the name. Today there are 260 local horse breed throughout Greece, of which 187 live in Skyros. They are a protected species.
  • The Skyrian ponies are pets, socially, robust, intelligent and a Husky type horse. Their head is very beautiful with long rich mane in a color usually darker than the skin. Compared with other types of horses they have big tummies. Their legs are thin, strong and sinewy with strong joints. Their tail is mounted low, tufted and away. Often reaches hooves are as small, hard, and usually black and need shoeing. Their characteristic hairs on hooves, called "wings”. The color of the horse is usually in shades of reddish brown to brown (orfno ) more rarely white or gkrizofaiou ( gray ) and more rarely blond . Some have a white mark on the face (stars Rimbaud ). The Skyros horse belongs to the species Equus Cabalus but due to its small size is considered as a separate breed called Equus Cabalus Skyros Poni or Equus Cabalus Skyriano, in Greek: skyrian alogaki. One should note that the Skyrian ponnies are characterized scientifically as ponies because of the bantam (poni = bantam horse), but any similarity with our familiar ponies in Northern Europe stopped there for this and exact reference to it is nothing but " as Skyrian ponies ."

Source:Goevia.com